OliveTreeGenealogy.com logo for Olive Tree Genealogy and its free free genealogical resourcesYour link to the past since February 1996! Search for your ancestors in free Ships' Passenger lists, Naturalization Records, Palatine Genealogy, Canadian Genealogy, American Genealogy, Native American Genealogy, Huguenots, Mennonites, Almshouse Records, Orphan Records, church records, military muster rolls, census records, land records and more. Olive Tree Genealogy Free Genealogy Database marks FREE genealogy records.
Olive Tree Genealogy Blog was one of MyHeritage top 100 Genealogy blogs, one of the 25 Most Popular Genealogy Blogs by Technorati and one of the Top 40 Genealogy Blogs 2011 & 2012.

See the list of Ten People All Genealogists Should Follow On Twitter

FIRST NAME


LAST NAME


LOCALITY


Check out the Genealogy Books written by Olive Tree Genealogy!

The Van Slyke Family in America has been revised and is available. See all Family History books
 
Genealogy Spotlight
Genealogy Tips


Try an Ancestry.com Free Trial



Flip-Pal Mobile Scanners
Read my review of this amazing little scanner

Preserve memories with the Flip-Pal Mobile Scanner!
Spread the Word
Share with other genealogists! Tweet this page!

Google Plus Proilfe page for Olive Tree GenealogyFollow Olive Tree Genealogy on Google+

Genealogy Ideas
Your Name in History
Find out if your Surname is part of the Our Name in History Collection! Just type your surname into the search box
 
Get Started in Genealogy
Discover Your Ancestors on Fold3

Immigration to USA Before 1820

Lorine McGinnis Schulze
http://olivetreegenealogy.com/index.shtml

Before 1820 approximately 650,000 individuals came to America. To find your ancestor on a Passenger List before 1820 you will need to know his/her name, approximate year of arrival and nationality. Not all passengers were recorded before 1820. You will also need to consult newspaper records for names of immigrants, naturalization oaths, indenture lists, grants and other records. Some helpful tips for searching are:

  • Search for the entire family. You may find needed clues in another family member's details.
  • Search the sources thoroughly and record all details such as neighbors, guardians, witnesses.
  • Don't make your search too narrow. If you think great great grandpa immigrated in 1846, but you can't find him, search 10 years before and after
  • Be aware of all spelling variations. Remember, spelling was not always consistent nor standardized. Names were often spelled phonetically. Often a recording clerk was of a different nationality than the person providing the information and local accents play a strong part in the sound of a name.
  • Use indexes but use them with caution! Remember that indexes can be incomplete or incorrect.

You should also consult P. William Filby's index to names "Passenger and Immigration Lists Index" 15 volumes. You should also refer to Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776

If you have thoroughly searched the records noted above, and have not found anything, you may need to turn to other local records in the USA such as Land records, Obituaries, Census, local histories, Voting Registers, Military Records, and Church Records. These are ways of narrowing the time frame for your ancestor's arrival and finding out more details that will hopefully lead to a place of origin.

For very early arrivals (1600s) in New York, I have started a project to reconstruct names of individuals sailing from Netherlands to the New World. Prior to 1674 passenger lists as we know them were not kept. From the period 1654 to 1664 the West Indies Company kept a ledger book of accounts both paid and owing for voyages. Only the debit side (money due for passage) has been published as "Passengers to New Netherland" in the Year Book of the Holland Society of New Netherland 1902:1-37

I have drawn from several sources (Amsterdam notarial records, court documents in New Netherland/New York, unpublished thesis of Jaap Jacobs found in Amsterdam, and more) to reconstruct names of passengers on known voyages from 1628 to 1664.

For more details of all published lists for this time period, and for information on my ongoing project see

http://olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/ships/

You can also search the lists I have compiled and placed online. This is an Olive Tree Genealogy exclusive and is entirely my own research.

Some pre-1820 passenger lists are online. You can start your search on The Olive Tree Genealogy pages at

http://olivetreegenealogy.com/ships/tousa_index.shtml

Choose the year of interest or the port of interest from the menu found about half-way down the page.

You may also wish to join US-SHIPSLISTS-PRE1820. This is a mailing list that I host for the discussion and sharing of information regarding ship passenger lists, immigration records, naturalization records and ships' lists substitutes for immigration to the United States before 1820.

To subscribe send "subscribe" to us-shipslists-pre1820-l-request@rootsweb.com (mail mode) or us-shipslists-pre1820-d-request@rootsweb.com (digest mode)."

To read the Archives for this list you can Search the US-SHIPSLISTS-PRE1820 archives OR Browse the US-SHIPSLISTS-PRE1820 archives

Other records of interest are Passenger Arrivals in the U.S., 1819-20. Prepared on order of the U. S. Senate, this informative database contains most of the immigrants who arrived in the nation between October 1819 and September 1820. The records contained herein reveal such facts about the immigrant as age, sex, occupation, nation of origin and in some records, the ship on which they arrived. To the researcher of U. S. immigration, this can be a helpful tool. You can search this offsite database for free and see the indexed results. To view details you must purchase a subscription.

To read about Immigration after 1820, go to Immigration to USA After 1820

Some Other Records of Interest:

  • Passenger arrivals at the port of Philadelphia, 1800-1819 : the Philadelphia "baggage lists". editor, Michael H. Tepper [Available on CD ROM Philadelphia "baggage lists"]
  • Passenger lists of vessels arriving at Philadelphia, 1800-1882 with index 1800-1906. United States Bureau of Customs
  • Ship passenger lists, Pennsylvania and Delaware, 1641-1825. Boyer, Carl
  • The Acadian exiles in the American colonies, 1755-1768. compiled, translated and edited by Milton P. Rieder and Norma Gaudet Rieder

**********

This article copyright by Lorine McGinnis Schulze and may be used elsewhere provided it is not altered in any manner. ALL identifying information and URLs must remain intact.

**********

CD ROMs

Ships Passenger Lists Index, 1500s-1900s
Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s

arrival information for approximately 3,530,000 individuals who arrived in United States and Canadian ports.

Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776

140,000 names of the men, women, and children who emigrated from England to America between 1607 and 1776. It includes the texts of six books by Peter Wilson Coldham: The Complete Book of Emigrants (four volumes), along with The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage and its supplement.

What's New

Genealogy Spotlight
NEW!
Free Genealogy Trials
*Trial Access Ancestry.com
*14 Days FREE Ancestry.co.uk

Genealogy Top Pick

Olive Tree Free Genealogy
Search for ancestors on the monthly list of free Olive Tree Genealogy databases
Lost Faces Ancestor Photos from the 1800s

Wishing you had an ancestor photograph? See the 1800s photographs and ancestor photo albums on Lost Faces. There are over 2,500 photos in this growing genealogy collection



Google Custom Search
Search Olive Tree Genealogy Family of Websites

 
 

Don't leave without searching for your ancestors on Olive Tree Genealogy! Free Ships' Passenger lists, orphan records, almshouse records, JJ Cooke Shipping Lists, Irish Famine immigrants, family surnames, church records, military muster rolls, census records, land records and more are free to help you find your brick-wall ancestor. Build your family tree quickly with Olive Tree Genealogy free records

URL: http://olivetreegenealogy.com/           All rights reserved          Copyright 1996-present
These pages may be freely linked to but not duplicated in any fashion without my written consent.

Home Philosophy Helping FAQ Link to Olive Tree Make Olive Tree Your Homepage Library Friends Search Store About Lorine Awards, Interviews About OliveTreeGenealogy


Contact Lorine at Contact Lorine of Olive Tree Genealogy