Boxer Rebellion 1900-1901
The Boxer Rebellion of 1900 was an officially supported peasant uprising that attempted to drive all foreigners from China. The Boxers were a Chinese secret society known as the I-ho ch'üan (Righteous and Harmonious
Fists). The group practiced certain boxing rituals which they believed gave them supernatural
powers and made them impervious to bullets. Their original
aim was the destruction of the dynasty and also of the Westerners who had a privileged position in China.
Ithe late 19th century the Boxers began to increase their strength in the provinces of North
China. Christian missionary activities helped provoke the Boxers. By May 1900, Boxer bands were roaming the
countryside around the capital at Peking. In early June an international relief force of 2,100 men was
dispatched from the northern port of Tientsin to Peking. On June 13 the empress dowager ordered Imperial forces
to block the advance of the foreign troops, and the small relief column was turned back. Meanwhile, in Peking the
Boxers burned churches and foreign residences and killed suspected Chinese Christians on sight. On June 18 the empress dowager ordered that all foreigners be killed. The German minister was murdered, and the other
foreign ministers and their families and staff, together with hundreds of Chinese Christians, were besieged in their
legation quarters and in the Roman Catholic cathedral in Peking.
On Aug. 14, 1900, an international force captured Peking, relieving the foreigners and Christians besieged
there since June 20. While foreign troops looted the capital, the empress dowager and her court fled to Sian, leaving
behind a few Imperial princes to conduct the negotiations. After extensive discussions, a protocol was finally
signed in September 1901, ending the hostilities and providing for reparations to be made to the foreign powers.
Source: Encyclopedia Britannica
Read the Boxer Rebellion books!
The Boxer Rebellion: The Dramatic Story of China's War on Foreigners That
Shook the World in the Summer of 1900
by Diana Preston
The Boxer Rebellion (Men at Arms Series, No. 95)
by Lynn Bodin
Uncle Sam's Little Wars : The Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection,
and Boxer Rebellion, 1898-1902
by J. Phillip Langellier
Massacre in Shansi
Visit Other Boxer Rebellion Sites
° Boxer Rebellion
° Ch'ing China: The Boxer Rebellion