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Obsolete Occupations in Genealogy

Choose from:
Some Medieval And Obsolete English Trade And Professional Terms Used From 1086-1400 ~ Some late 17th century and early 18th century trades used in the New World


Medieval And Obsolete English Trade And Professional Terms
  • Aquarius (Ewer) ~~ Waterman
  • Aurifaber ~~ Goldsmith.
  • Avenator (Plantifene) ~~ Hay and Forage Merchant.
  • Barker ~~ Tanner.
  • Baxter ~~ Baker
  • Belhoste ~~ Tavern keeper.
  • Belleyetere ~~ Bellfounder.
  • Bowyer ~~ Bowmaker.
  • Brasiler ~~ Dyer.
  • Burneman ~~ Carrier of barm or water for brewers.
  • Cancellarius ~~ Chancellor.
  • Cardmaker ~~ Maker ~~ of cards or instrumets for combing wool.
  • Carnifex ~~ Butcher.
  • Carpentarius ~~ Carpenter.
  • Chaloner ~~ Dealer in shalloon, a material made in Chƒlons.
  • Chapman ~~ Merchant.
  • Chirugion ~~ Apothecary or Surgeon.
  • Cissor ~~ Tailor.
  • Clericus ~~ Clerk
  • Cocus (Keu) ~~ Cook
  • Combere ~~ Woolcomber
  • Corvisor (Cordewanarius, Cordwainer) ~~ Shoemaker, originally a worker in Cordovan leather.
  • Cotiler ~~ Cutler
  • Cuhreur (Cunreur) ~~ Currier.
  • Cuper ~~ Cooper; a barrel maker.
  • Dexter ~~ Dyer.
  • Dubbere ~~ Cloth dubber, i.e., one who raises the nap of cloth.
  • Dudder ~~ Probably a maker of coarse cloaks.
  • Daunsel ~~ Gentleman in waiting, groom or squire.
  • Dysshere ~~ Probably a ditcher, or in some cases a disher.
  • Elymaker ~~ Oilmaker.
  • Faber ~~ Smith.
  • Ferur (Ferator) ~~ Farrier or blacksmith.
  • Fisher (Fishdryver) ~~ Victualler.
  • Flauner ~~ Confectioner.
  • Fleshewer ~~ Butcher.
  • Fletcher ~~ Arrowmaker.
  • Forestarius ~~ Forester.
  • Frereman ~~ Servant of the Friars.
  • Fuller ~~ One who trampled cloth. See alsoWalker.
  • Furber (Furbour) ~~ Furbisher of armour.
  • Furner ~~ Baker.
  • Garcifer (Garcio) ~~ Groom, attendant.
  • Garlekmonger ~~ Dealer in gaarlic.
  • Glassewryght ~~ Maker and mender of glassware.
  • Gynour ~~ Engineer.
  • Hamberghmaker (Hamberow) ~~ Horse collar maker.
  • Harper ~~ Musician (?).
  • Hetheleder ~~ Provider of heather for fuel.
  • Hosteler ~~ Innkeeper.
  • Husbandman ~~ Tenant farmer .
  • Kepegest ~~ Innkeeper.
  • Latouner ~~ Worker in latten, a metal resembling brass.
  • Limner ~~ Draughtsman or Artist.
  • Lokeer ~~ Locksmith.
  • Lorimer ~~ Bridlemaker.
  • Macun ~~ Mason.
  • Marescallus ~~ Marshall.
  • Medicus ~~ Leech, Doctor.
  • Mercator ~~ Merchant.
  • Molendinarius ~~ (Muner) ~~ Miller.
  • Mustarder ~~ Grower and grinder ofmustard.
  • Nedder ~~ Needle-maker.
  • Palmer ~~ A Pilgrim, one who had been, or pretended to have been, to the Holy Land.
  • Paneler ~~ Saddler.
  • Pannarius ~~ Clothier and Draper.
  • Pannebeter ~~ Pan-hammerer, or perhaps clothdriver.
  • Pardoner ~~ One licensed to sell Papal Indulgences.
  • Parmentor ~~ Probably a parchment maker, or tailor.
  • Parcheminer ~~ Parchment maker.
  • Pattenmaker ~~ Maker of iron-rimmed pattens for footwear.
  • Pelliparius (Peltarius ~~ Skinner.
  • Perukemaker ~~ Wigmaker.
  • Pictor ~~ Painter.
  • Pinder ~~ Keeper of the Pound or Pinfold.
  • Piscarius ~~ Fishmonger.
  • Piscator ~~ Fisherman.
  • Pistor ~~ Miller or Baker.
  • Plantifene (see Avernator).
  • Plomer ~~ Plumber.
  • Pynner ~~ Pin-maker.
  • Roper ~~ Ropemaker.
  • Rotarius ~~ Wheelwright.
  • Safernman ~~ Grower of Saffron.
  • Samitere (Samite) ~~ Maker of a kind of heavy silk suff.
  • Sauntere ~~ Probaby Salt maker.
  • Sausere ~~ Salter.
  • Seinter ~~ Girdlemaker.
  • Seler (Sellarius) ~~ Sadder.
  • Serviens ~~ Sergeant.
  • Servus ~~ Servant.
  • Sherman (Shearman) ~~ One who raised the surface of woolen cloth and then sheared it to a smooth surface.
  • Shether ~~ (See Vaginarius).
  • Sifker ~~ Sievemaker.
  • Sissor (Cissor) ~~ Tailor.
  • Sleymaker ~~ Maker of instruments to part threads in weaving.
  • Soper ~~ Soapmaker.
  • Spittleman ~~ Hospital Attendant.
  • Spicer ~~ Grocer.
  • Spurrier ~~ Spurmaker.
  • Stabler ~~ Ostler.
  • Stasyon (Stawsun) ~~ Probably a Stationer.
  • Sugarer ~~ Dealer in sugar. (Grocer ?)
  • Sumner ~~ Summoner or Apparitor.
  • Sutor ~~ Shoemaker or cobbler.
  • Tabernarius ~~ Taverner, Innkeeper.
  • Tannator ~~ Tanner.
  • Teinter ~~ Dyer.
  • Textor ~~ Weaver.
  • Tinctor ~~ Dyer or possibly a painter.
  • Upholder ~~ Upholsterer; also a cheapjack and seller of secondhand goods.
  • Vaginarius, Sheather ~~ Scabbard maker.
  • Venator (Venur) ~~ Huntsman.
  • Vintner ~~ Wine Merchant.
  • Walker (Same as Fuller) ~~ Cloth trampler or cleaner.
  • Webster ~~ Weaver.
  • Whittawer ~~ Preparer of white leather.
  • Yeoman ~~ Freehold farmer.


Thanks to Evelyn Cataldi for transcribing these professions from "First Settlers of South Carolina 1670-1700" by Agnes Leland Baldwin.
  • Bever ~~ Beverage maker
  • Blockmaker ~~ One who crafted pulleys
  • Castor ~~ Hat maker
  • Felmonger ~~ Hide dealer forges
  • Nailor ~~ Nail maker
  • Sempster ~~ Seamstress
  • Sil kmaker spinster ~~ Female spinner
  • Silkmaker throster ~~ Male spinner
  • Simpler ~~ Agriculturist that we would call herbalist today
  • Swordcutter ~~ Smith who fashioned swords
  • Vineroon ~~ Wine grower
  • Whitesmith ~~ Tinsmith; or one who finishes & polishes after the Smith



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