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Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and the CreateSpace eStore
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Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery
by Lorine McGinnis Schulze
Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and Amazon.ca
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Mohawk Rituals & Ceremonies
Ritual & CeremonyThe Jesuits had very little to say about the passage-related ceremonies of birth, marriage, puberty and death. Apparently the Iroquois were not very involved in rituals involving these transitional periods in life. The only exception was the last, death, where fairly elaborate "condolence" rituals were conducted to ease the grief of the relatives of the departed.
Keep in mind though, that there is considerable reason to believe that Iroquoian rituals underwent a process of elaboration and modification in the 1700's and 1800's due to many outside influences such as western culture, Christianity and Handsome Lake, an Iroquois leader of the Seneca nation who, around the year 1800, taught a new philosophy based on brotherhood and harmony to the Iroquois. His teachings have become central to Iroquois life in the years since and have thus influenced their ceremonial life. Thus, what we know about their rituals may have changed since Och-Toch's time.
The longest and most important ritual was the Mid-Winter Ceremony. It was held in mid-January and apparently was a major relief for people who had been shut up in their longhouses for days. The ceremony lasted 3-5 days. Its major components included: (1) a dream-guessing game; (2) a gambling game which involved two clans playing against each other, taking turns tossing beans or seeds; (3) children going door to door begging for maple sugar candy (trick or treat!). The children impersonated mischievous wood spirits. Most of the "dances" associated with the Mid-Winter ceremony seemed to be mainly for fun.
The remaining Iroquoian ceremonies were "calendrical" ceremonies, which is typical of a primitive agricultural society. They were all fairly short, lasting perhaps several hours. The format was similar to the following:
The other major calendrical ceremonies were:
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