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New Netherland, New York Genealogy
GLOSSARY OF DUTCH TERMSAum: An old Dutch and German unit of liquid capacity (as for wine) varying from 36 to 42 gallons.
Beverywyck: present-day Albany NY
burgher: a town resident with rights and privileges of the community, the most important being the right to trade
burgher guard: town or city militia
chirurgeon: a surgeon or physician who trained through apprenticeship
duffel: woolen blanket used in trade with native tribes
Esopus: present-day Kingston NY
flat: lowland on a river
Florin: a British coin, originally of silver, worth two shillings. The term can also the Dutch coin called a gulden
Fuyck: community that became Beverwyck then Albany NY
getuygen: witnesses or sponsors at christenings, best man at wedding
Guilder: Abbreviation:gl. Dutch coin (now called a gulden) used in 17th century Dutch colonies of the New World. Six guilders equalled one English pound sterling
Kil: Dutch word meaning stream or brook
Noorman: Norwegian, norseman
morgen: Dutch unit for an area of land equal to two acres
Patronymic: System of identification of an individual using the father's first name and the predominant system used by the Dutch in the New World. The patronymic ending varies greatly, ranging from -sz, -szen, -sen, -se, all meaning "child of". "x" or "dr." was often used to represent a daughter, as in Aefie Harmensx or Aefie Harmensdr. meaning Aefie the daughter of Harmen. A man who was the son of a man named Cornelis might use the patronymic Cornelisz, Corneliszen, Cornelisen, or Cornelise. See an explanation of patronymics at Dutch naming systems
Patroon: A title used for individuals authorized to establish plantations or colonies in Dutch New Netherlands. The patroon system of ownership was equivalent to a landowner being a feudal lord over his tenants. Also means employer.
schepel: 76.4% of a bushel. Wheat was measured in schepels and was used as exchange medium
schepen: Dutch magistrate. The schepenen (plural) was in charge of administrative, legislative and judicial matters. Can also mean Alderman used in the south of Holland, or Flanders
schout: Dutch court official who investigated crimes and made arrests. Sheriff
seawan: also called wampum. A form of coinage in New Netherland
seawan=sewant/zewant/wampum a form of script in the colonies where coinage was rare. The value of a yard-long string of white seawan was 4 florins but this was an inflated price. 8 florin in seawan was only worth 3 florin in coin
stuyver: Dutch coin, being 1/12 of a guilder, now a coin worth 5 cents
wampum: See seawan. Originally wampum referred to shell strings which were used as tokens of leadership or nobility in the Iroquois Confederacy.
weesmeester: orphan master appointed by the courts to administer the inheritance of minors
Wiltwyck: present-day Kingston, New York. Also called Esopus prior to 1660.
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