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Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery by Lorine McGinnis Schulze

Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and the CreateSpace eStore
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Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery
by Lorine McGinnis Schulze

Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and Amazon.ca

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Obsolete Occupations of the Netherlands

© Cor Snabel

Paver (stratenmaker)

In the 13th and 14th century only a few streets in Amsterdam were paved, only in the second half of the 15th century we could find a lot of streets paved with cobbles. The mainstreets were the first and of course those where the yearly procession passed. The laying and maintenance were paid by the owners of the houses, which were situated at that street. Usually the material used was granite- or basalt, which were transported by boat and unloaded by hand. Even the black granite pavement suffered a lot from the heavy traffic, like the large coaches or the brewer-waggons. Only in pedestrian areas bricks were used, or for a short period wood, which could become very slippery and it would rot in no time.

The first street in New Amsterdam to be paved by the authorities was Brewer’s Street (now Stone Street, between Whitehall Street and Broad Street), which was paid for grudgingly by those who had petioned for this improvement in 1655. A paved street in New Amsterdam was like many a one still to be seen in old European towns, where the gutter is a broad gully in the middle of the street, which must be crossed by stepping-stones when rain turned the throughfare into a brawling stream. We may gain a clear idea of a model street of the day (1670) from the “Orders and Instructions for Mr. Johannes de Peister, Isaacq Greveraet, Coeuraet te Eyck and Hendrick Willemsen Backer, Overseers appointed for the Laying out and Paveing of the Streets”: 1st. The sd. Overseers are hereby required to order that the streets, which are to be paved be laid as level and even as possible may be, according to the Convenience of the Streets. 2nd. That the passage be raised about one foot higher than the middle of the street to the end, the water may take its course from the passages towards the middle of the streets aforesaid. 3rd. And in case the neighbours are inclined to wards the paveing of the whole streets, they have liberty so to do, provided that all the neighbours do jointly agree about the same.

Sidewalks first appeared in Paris in 1850, Amsterdam followed this trend in 1855. A city without sidewalks must look very different; some villages in the Netherlands still have streets without sidewalks.

>Choose from the following ancient occupations

Baker | Beachcomber | Beguine | Candlemaker | Dumpman | Executioner | Fanmaker | Fireman | Gravedigger | Innkeeper | Laundrywoman | Nightwatch | Peddlar | Porter | Seat Caretaker | Ship Shanghai | Soapmaker | Streetpaver | Tolltaker | Pharmacist


 
 

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