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Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery by Lorine McGinnis Schulze

Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and the CreateSpace eStore
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Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery
by Lorine McGinnis Schulze

Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and Amazon.ca

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Obsolete Occupations of the Netherlands

© Cor Snabel

Toll collector (tolgaarder)

In order to bear the costs for maintenance of roads and dikes local authorities introduced toll passages. The establishing of tolls needed the approval of the national government, but in most cases that was no problem. They were normally situated at the entrance of the village or town. The inhabitants didnít have to pay toll money, because they already paid the local taxes, but every non-resident was liable to pay toll money. And of course it made a difference whether a horseman would pass or a stagecoach with four horses and a number of passengers. Every vehicle had its own tariff, some tolls even charged a pedestrian.

The toll collector usually lived at the toll passage, which was a fence or a stonewall with a gate. Some had a barrier bar, but normally it was open and only closed during the night. The toll collector rented the toll passage from the authorities, was allowed to free housing and a small fee. This way the City Council did not have to hire expensive personal and was assured of their toll money. Despite this tenancy the collector had a special police-protection if he had trouble with defaulters.

Some toll passages were bridges and then it worked two ways. The pedestrians and coaches had to pay, but the track boats and other vessels too.

In many cases the tollhouse turned into an inn. Late travelers who found the city gates closed could find a sleeping place at the toll and this way the toll collector could earn some extra money. Some of the toll passages of Amsterdam became famous establishments, where even today one can sit at the waterside and enjoy a cool beer.

>Choose from the following ancient occupations

Baker | Beachcomber | Beguine | Candlemaker | Dumpman | Executioner | Fanmaker | Fireman | Gravedigger | Innkeeper | Laundrywoman | Nightwatch | Peddlar | Porter | Seat Caretaker | Ship Shanghai | Soapmaker | Streetpaver | Tolltaker | Pharmacist


 
 

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