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Voyage of Ship Gelderland 1 September 1640 to 12 November 1641 from Texel to Morocco back to TexelSource: Journal of the Ambassy of the Lord Anthonis de Liedekerke. , translated and transcribed by Cor Snabel & Liz Johnson, published on Olive Tree Genealogy with permission May 2007. Notations in [ ] are those of the transcribers
Preface: Dear friends, After becoming interested in Jan Janszoon of Haerlem and his possible descendents in New Amsterdam, we looked around for more information that could be found about him and his family. We found the journal of Adriaen Matham, an artist from Haarlem, Noord Holland, who in 1640 was sent along on a diplomatic mission to Morocco, where he met Jan Janszoon in person. So in hopes of obtaining more info about Jan Janszoon's descendents, we decided to go ahead and translate Matham's entire travel log from seventeenth-century Dutch into English.
Some background: Jan Janszoon, it may be remembered, was one of the most notorious of the Dutch renegades, who became a pirate in the early part of the seventeenth century, living the latter half of his life as a pirate admiral in Sallee, Morocco. Janszoon had at least two sons who were thought to have come to New Amsterdam. Lijsbeth Jans was one of the daughters of this notorious renegade, and his Dutch wife Soutgen Caves. Another daughter of Jansoon's had been married to Jacob Arissen, who was also on board the Gelderlandt.
On the 1st of September 1640, the ship Gelderlandt sailed from Texel on a diplomatic mission to the King of Morocco. On board were the Dutch Ambassador Anthonie de Liedekerke, Lijsbeth Jans with her brother-in-law Jacob Arissen, and the painter Adriaen Matham.
The 1640-41 diplomatic mission to Morocco was made in order to renew the Dutch alliance with Morocco, and to effect the release of some fifty men who had been employed aboard the ship Erasmus van Rotterdam. This ship had stranded off the coast of Morocco near Agadir in May 1638, and her crew had been enslaved there. By 1640, funds had been raised for ransom, and Admiral Liedekerke was delegated to negotiate their ransom and release. Jan Janszoon assisted with this dual mission by making certain arrangements with his Moroccan associates for Liedekerke. Adriaen Matham, along with another artist, were sent along on this mission, possibly to make observations about the geography of countries they passed, and to record observations about the persons with whom they came in contact.
Adriaen Matham wrote a detailed journal during their journey, and along the way he made some thirty paintings and drawings of various flora and fauna, places and persons he observed. His journal starts like a ships log with wind directions and course indications, but once arrived in Barbary his reports become more detailed and interesting. Matham's journal gives a rare and interesting look at what kind of events were taking place on the other side of the Atlantic as New Amsterdam was in its early days of development.
After finishing the translation of Matham's journal, we found no there was no mention of any sons of Jan Janszoon in it. But since Matham does describe Jan Janszoon himself, and recounts the reunion with his daughter, Lysbet Jans, and because Matham also gives the name of another of Janszoon's sons-in-law, we thought certain extracts from Matham's journal would be of interest here.
We hope after reading this, that others may be able to make further connections with this family. But even if not, we think these extracts from Adriaen Matham's journal will be enjoyable. Here are some of Matham's observations. Our added notes are in [brackets].
Extracted entries from Adriaen Matham's Journal 1640-1641[On the 28th of December 1640, the Gelderlandt was at Saffia, a harbor in Morocco on the Atlantic coast. Matham's entry for that day contains the first reference to Jan Janszoon]
On the 28th ditto. Our small sloop went ashore and returned with our people who had stayed for two days in Saffia. Along with them came a barque with Moors, bringing many kinds of provisions.
...The skipper of the barque also brought two letters from Jan Janss. van Haerlem living in Muladie [Oualidia], six or seven miles from Saffia. One letter was written to the Lord Ambassador, the other to his daughter, who had come along with us on this journey to visit her father, whereof he was informed by special messenger from Saffia. He invited her very heartily to join him, sending along some refreshments as a gift.
But being informed of the dangers of travelling inland and particularly for females, she did not dare to do so. But it was agreed that her brother-in-law, who also had come along with us in our ship, would go to Muladie with the six or eight Moors whom his father-in-law had selected from his servants and sent from Muladie to Saffia as a convoy to escort them there. This occurred that same day.
On the 30th ditto. Jacob Ariss. came back on board with his father-in-law Jan Janss. van Haerlem (this Jan Janss. van Haerlem accompanied by 18 servants went part of the way from Maladie to meet his son-in-law) who sat comfortably in the barque on a rug and satin pillows, his servants around him. He was then led into the cabin of the Lord Ambassador, where his daughter was. When the father saw his daughter they both started to cry and after speaking with her for a while he took his leave of the Lord Ambassador, promising him that he would provide fresh water for us the next day, and that if the weather was good he and his daughter would visit us again on board. We had our doubts if this would happen, but only time will give that outcome.
On the 31st ditto. Our lieutenant went with both the steersmen and some deckhands and empty barrels in a boat to the shore to get some water. While the sloop stayed away from the breakers, the Moors got three of our men with the barrels ashore, but once filled the Moors did not want to let them go until Jan Janss. van Haerlem, who still was in Saffia with his daughter and the brother-in-law, had paid nineteen pieces of eight [19 coins of 8 reaal] on behalf of the Lord Ambassador.
...Our men reported that they had noticed that Lijsbeth Jans has had her fill of people and the country and consequently had wished to be on board again, but she would leave the next day with her father to Maladia, because his business would not allow him to stay away much longer.
On the 1st January A° 1641. Our crew went ashore with the small and the large sloop to get the water that had been left there. This was done, and Jan Janss. van Haerlem had already left with his daughter for Maladia.
On the 9th February. Our boat with our people went ashore and were informed there that the Lord Ambassador with his entourage was invited to come from his ship on the 11th; also that His Majesty of Morocco had charged the Governor of Saffia that he at time of our journey will provide for all of our needs.
On the 11th ditto. The Lord ambassador [[Liedekerke]] left the ship on a barque of the Moors with all his people and baggage, and was welcomed ashore according to the local customs with flutes, drums and a great number of musketeers, accompanied by the Governor of the town and by the forementioned Jan Janss. van Haerlem. There was a valuable horse led in for the Lord Ambassador.
...From Saffia I made a three or four day trip to the castle of Maladia, the governor of which is Jan Janss, van Haerlem. By him I was entertained and welcomed very cordially. And I have drawn for him the castle with the entrance of the harbor, and the river, where the ships lie at anchor.
*[After the meeting with the King of Morocco, the entourage returned to the Gelderlandt and they set sail for St. Crux. There the Ambassador paid the ransom for the 45 crew members of the ship Erasmus van Rotterdam, that had stranded near Agadir in May 1638. On their way home, the ship stayed in Saffia again for two weeks.]*
*[By late in August, 1641, the Liedekerke mission with the rescued crew of the "Erasmus van Rotterdam" was ready to return to Patria. But one voyager stayed behind.]*
27th of August 1641: That same day Jacob Arissen has come aboard again from Maladia, leaving Lijsbeth Jans to stay with her father.
*The journal entry of the 27th of August 1641 was the last mention Matham made of Jan Janszoon or his family. The "Gelderlandt" returned to the Netherlands on the 12 of November, 1641.*
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