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SHIPS PASSENGER LISTS
Alms House Admission Foreigners & Nativity Records with Ships Names 1819 (New York City, New York)Source: Alms House Admission Foreigners & Nativity Records (; New York; City, NY) Item 5 LDS Film 1304647 Bond Registers 1819-1840. Original records in the Municipal Archives, New York , New York;
In the early 1800's port cities in the USA bore the burden of immigration. By the time they arrived, so many immigrants were tired, hungry and poor they ended up in the City Almshouse. This meant the citizens had to take care of them. At first the citizens of the city asked the Mayors for funds to support the poor. Eventually they asked the states, and by mid-century some states (PA, NY, MA) set up State agencies to deal with the issue. Eventually, beginning in the 1880's, the Federal Government nationalized the programs.
Dating back to the colonial era, New York City assumed responsibility for its citizens who were destitute, sick, homeless, or otherwise unable to care for themselves. The city maintained an almshouse, various hospitals, and a workhouse on Blackwell's Island (now called Roosevelt Island) for the poor. Read more about New York City Almshouse...
Lorine's Note: There are 2 pages for each name in this ledger. I have only copied part of the left hand page. There is more information on the microfilm, including Captain's Name, Owner's Name, Date of Bond, Sureties, Date Discharged, Death Date, Remarks, Bonded, Commuted & Total. For example, under date 1820 March 11 - Elizabeth Kennedy age 34 is listed as having died June 14, 1820; her daughter Mary Ann died Nov. 5, 1820
I have not had time to track down the exact arrival date of each of the ships named, but interested researchers could use the clues (admission date, captain's name, owner's name, etc) as well as census records, to narrow the time frame of arrival. Families with children born in one country, such as England, and then in New York will find it much easier to narrow the time frame of immigration.
For individuals recorded in 1855-1858 the information includes ship name, date of sailing, ports of departure and arrival
Ship arrivals with partial passenger names before Oct. 1819: Ann, Caroline, Cleatham, Cossack, Dublin Packet, Ellerd, Emulation, Felix or Phoenix, Iris, John Dickinson, Little Bill, Margaret, Nancy, Ontario, Phoenix, Prudence, Rosella, The Otis, Visitor
Date of Admission; Foreigner (Surname); Foreigner (First Name); Age; Place of Birth; Vessel Name; Where From
Choose from New York Almshouse Bond Registers with Ship Names and Ports of Arrival in 1819 | 1820 | 1821 | 1822 | 1823 | 1824 | 1825 | 1826 | 1827 | 1828 | 1829 | 1830 [1831-1840] to follow | 1855-1858
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