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SHIPS PASSENGER LISTS
Palatines from England to New York 1709
First Wave of Immigration of PalatinesIn June 1710 Governor Robert Hunter and 2,400 Germans arrived in New York from England. Over 3,000 had left London England almost 6 months previously and over 1/5 died en route. These were the Palatines from Germany.
The passenger lists for the ships carrying these refugees are lost, but we have the names of some from various records and correspondence. Preceeding the Palatine immigration were various letters and petitions in England, where the Palatines were waiting to sail to America. These provide us with some names of the first immigrants.
Before leaving on ships from England to New York, many of the Palatines stranded there received Letters of Denization. These were dated 25 August 1708 before the first wave of immigration from England to New York. Since the first ships passenger lists carrying Palatines to New York have not survived, we can refer to these Letters of Denization for the names of some of the first 52 German Protestants (Palatines) sent at Queen Anne's expense to New York. We can also compare this list of Denizens with the list of those who received tools in April 1710.
Court of Kensington 10 May 1708:Order of Council for Naturalizing and Sending Certain Palatines to New York
Petition of Joshua Kockerthal, Evangelical Minister on behalf of himself and "several poor Lutherans.... from the Lower Palatinate in Germany, praying to be transported to some of your Major Plantations in America" Kockerthal states that there are 41 Palatines including 10 men, 10 women and 21 children, who are ready to leave. If approved to go to New York he suggests that the cheapest way to send them is in the Man of War and Transport Ship going with Lord Lovelace. He also requests that they be made "Denizens of this Kingdom" before their departure. The petition was approved.
10 Aug. 1708 Letter from Mr. Secretary Boyle to Lord Lovelace saying he is going to send 52 German Protestants to New York at the Queen's [Queen Anne] expense
25 Aug. 1708 Letters of Denization dated found in Deed Book X. 241 Secretary’s Office naturalizing the following:
New York Records
Second Immigration of Palatines
In Council 13 June 1710Mr. Beekman informed the Board that "the ship Lyon arrived in this Port having broought a considerable number of Palatines…." "... Nutten Island is the properest [sic] place to put the Palatines on" and that "huts should be made for them"
In Council 20 June 1710Order for Apprenticing the Palatine Children
"..there being many orphans unable to take care of themselves… many whom by sickness are rendered incapable of doing any service for some time… no prosepct of settling them this sumer… proposals for placing out the orphans and other children whose parents have a numerous family…." (boys to be bound out til age 17, girls til 15).
.... See the List of Palatine Children Apprenticed by Gov. Hunter 1710-1714
July 24 1710Gov. Hunter to Board of Ttrade New York
“By a small vessel bound for Lisbon I give notice of our arrive here [June 14} Since that time all the Palatine ships separeated by weather are arrived safe except the Herbert Frigat where our tents and arms are. She was cast away on the east end of Long Island on 7 July, the men are safe but our goods much damaged. We still want the Bercley [sic] Castle which we left at Portsmouth, the poor people have been mighty sickly but recover space. We have lost above 470 of our number..."
Third Wave of Immigration
27 Oct. 1722"...a ship has arrived here with Palatines from Holland which had touched in England... lost many of its passengers on the voyage"
Source: E. B. O'Callaghan. Documentary History of New York in 4 vols. 1829. Albany
....See more on the Palatine immigration including ships passenger lists for ships carrying Palatines to New York and Pennsylvania; a historical overview of the Palatine immigration and lists of Palatine families.
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