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SHIPS PASSENGER LISTS
Purmerland Church (Purmerender Kerck) Texel to New Amstel, Delaware Nov 24, 1661Source: Delaware Papers: Passenger Lists of Colonists to the South (Delaware) River colony of New Netherland, 1661 in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 60 (1929), 68-70
Intro: It is well known that the settlements on the South River, the Delaware, of New Netherland, often changed hands in the early days of their existence. After the Dutch had colonies of small proportions and short duration there, the Swedes - chiefly through the guiding hand of Pierre Minuit, at one time Director-General of New Netherland - in 1638 formed a larger and more lasting settlement there, known in American Colonial history by the name of New Sweden.
... New Sweden again in 1655 again became a part of New Netherland, the West India Company's colony on the North American Continent.... In 1661 the West India Company transferred the ownership of the South River Colony to the City of Amsterdam and in the records of that city, the colony is often mentioned as the "Stadt's Colonie", or the "City Colony".
All documents relative to the history of this Colony from 1661 until 1664, i.e. until the year of the English occupation of all of New Netherland, are not found among the West India Company papers in the General Archives of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, at the Hague. but in the Old City Archives of Amsterdam.
From the last named collection of documents, which in its entirety deserves to be copied and translated on behalf of early American colonial history, the following data has been taken:"
List of Colonists and other Freemen who have already applied for going to the this City's Colony in New NetherlandNumber of persons, name, remarks
FN 1 This expression in Old Dutch is often used to indicate nine persons besides the one mentioned. This list therefore contains includes 38 persons, only 14 of whom are named.
No date is affixed to this document, which appears to be the preliminary list probably made for the use of some official. That it antedates the following document, is shown from its place in the collection, where it is under No. 65, whereas the following paper falls under No. 88.
The following document appears between the numbers 87 and 89, but through some omission is not numbered No. 88 as it should be:
List of Passengers who go there from the City of Amsterdam to the colony of New Amstel (New Castle, Delaware) on the South (Delaware) River
45 [in fact 46) souls
"To the knowledge of me, the undersigned, these above listed persons have been examined, and they are as accounted for above, existing altogether of forty-two heads and a half, halves and wholes all counted together; nursing children free.FN 3
Done in the Texel Roadstead, on the Ship 'The Purmerland Church', the 17th day of November, 1661.FN 4 G. V. SWERINGEN"
FN 2 The names thus marked in the passenger list also occur in the preliminary list given above. he preliminary list in many instances supplements this list, by giving the various places of origin of the passengers. Jan RAMAERE is called Jan ROEMERS in the preliminary list. There may have been a relationship between Gerrit OTTE and Herman OTTE, both names appearing on the passenger's list and both from Accoy. FN 3 The number of passengers was taken by "heads" , who had to pay full passage, "half-heads", for whom half-fare had to be paid (these were presumably children under the age of five), and infants who had free passage.
Forty-two and a half heads would make 43 persons. One infant of Kier WOLTERS, and one of Gerrit SANDERSEN were exempt, but they have been accounted for in the margin, thus making Kier WOLTERS family amount to 8 instead of 7, and Gerrit SANDERSEN's family amount to 6 instead of 5 (4-1/2), and making a total of 45 souls, as given in the margin.
The scribe, however, has omitted in the margin an infant of Mr. Jacob DE COMMER, the surgeon of the expedition, whose family, although consisting of himself, his wife and two children, is counted for only three.
Correcting this error we would reach a total of 46 passengers sailing on 24-Nov-1661. on "de Purmerlander Kerck" (Church of Purmerland) from Texel Roadsteads for New Amstel on Delaware. FN 4 As a matter of record it must be stated here that the ship remained in Texel Roadsteads for a whole week, not sailing until the 24th of November, 1661, evidently waiting for further cargoes and supplies.
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