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SHIPS PASSENGER LISTS
St. Charles 1654
The Dutch administrations in Brazil, which succeeded that
of Gov. Maurice,
were inefficient and corrupt. The Portuguese revolted and
the Dutch finally
capitulated January 25, 1654. They were given three months
in which either
to depart or to embrace the Roman Catholic religion and
citizens. In April 1654, there was a fleet of sixteen Dutch
ships in the
Harbor of Recif to evacuate the Dutch Protestants together
with a small
number of Dutch and Portuguese Jews.
On 7 Sept. 1654 Capt. Jacques de la Motthe/Motte, skipper of the
St. Charles, appeared in court with a petition. He required payment
for freight and board 'of the Jews whom he brought here from Cape
St. Anthony". de la Motte states that "the Netherlanders who came
over with them" are not included in his suit and that they have paid
him. Solomon Pietersen "a Jew" appears and says that "900
guilders of the 2500 are paid and that there are 23 souls, big and
little [meaning adults and children] who must pay equally"
[Source: The Records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674 Anno
Domini, edited by Berthold Fernow in 7 volumes. reprint
Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc. Baltimore. 1976 Vol. I Minutes of
the Court of Burgomasters and Schepens 1653-1655 p 240]
The names I have found so far (using primary records only) are:
Judicq de Mereda
It is not clear if Solomon Pietersen was on board the ship so I
have not added his name to the list.
Another passenger (non-Jewish) was Dominie Joannes Polhemius
From what can be pieced together about them, it seem
probable that the twenty-three consisted of six family heads---four men
(with their wives) and two other women who in all likelihood were
widows, since they were counted separately---and thirteen young people.
The heads of the families were Asser Levy, Abraham Israel De Piza (or
Dias), David Israel Faro, Mose Lumbosco, and ---the two women---Judith
(or Judica) Mercado) (or De Mercado, or de Mereda) and Ricke (or Rachel)
Nunes. [Source: The Grandees: America's Sephardic Elite by Stephen Birmingham]
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