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SHIPS PASSENGER LISTS
Ships Passenger Lists to Australia & New Zealand 1700-1800
Between 1788 and 1900 over 1,000,000 people immigrated to Australia. Most of them were from the British Isles, but some were from Europe and Asia. Before 1900 there were 4 classes of immigration:
Australian immigration records for the first three classes almost always give each individualís name, age or date of birth, place of birth, trade or occupation, physical description, marital status, and number of children. Passenger lists for paying immigrants usually list only names.
- Convicts sentenced to Australia for various periods of time, depending on the crime. Usually from British Isles or colonies
- Bounty immigrants chosen by Australian colonists to come from the British Isles.
- Assisted immigrants came through the financial assistance of the government, organizations, or wealthy individuals.
- Paying passengers came through their own means.
Over 160,000 convicts (most
from the British Isles) were sent to Australia. The British Government first sent convicts to New South Wales,
Australia in 1788, after the American Revolution. Because of their own population growth, NSW refused to accept
convicts after 1842. Convicts were sent to Tasmania (formerly Van Diemens Land)
in 1803. Western Australian accepted male convicts only from 1850 to 1868.
Search the Australian Convict Records
The National Archives of Ireland has a searchable index database on the Internet for transportation records of Irish convicts sent to Australia between 1788 and 1868
New Zealand Bound Comprehensive list of links
AUS/NZ Passenger Lists
Shipping-- Jenny Brandis' great collection of links and ships lists to Australia
Australia's Convict Ships -- First Fleet Oct. 1788 - 11 vessels from Portsmouth, arriving in N.S.W. with 717 convicts of whom 180 were women, guarded by 191 marines under 19 officers.
Australian Convict records Convicts from Lincolnshire transported to Australia, 1788-1840 *Searchable database
Australian Convict Index, 1788-1868 The database includes more than 48,000 names of convicts sent to Australia betweenn 1788 and 1868. This links provides free access to a pay site
Australia's Convict Ships -- Second Fleet June 1790 - vessels from Portsmouth, arriving in N.S.W. (Guardian, Justinian, Lady Juliana, Surprize, Neptune, Scarborough)
Australia's Convict Ships -- Third Fleet Oct. 1791 - 11 ships (Atlantic, William and Ann, Britannia, Matilda, Salamander, Albemarle, Mary Anne, Admiral Barrington, Active and Gorgon) with over 2000 convicts. arriving in N.S.W.
Irish Convicts to New South Wales
1791-1820 (searchable database)
Irish Rebels to Australia
1797 - 1806
Choose from the following ships passenger lists to Australia & New Zealand: