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Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery by Lorine McGinnis Schulze
Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and and Amazon.ca
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Genealogy Mystery Book!
Death Finds a Way: A Janie Riley Mystery
by Lorine McGinnis Schulze
Janie Riley is an avid genealogist with a habit of stumbling on to dead bodies. She and her husband head to Salt Lake City Utah to research Janie's elusive 4th great-grandmother. But her search into the past leads her to a dark secret. Can she solve the mysteries of the past and the present before disaster strikes? Available now on Amazon.com and Amazon.ca
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New Netherland, New York Genealogy
Life in 16th and 17th Century Amsterdam Holland: Table Manners
Table Manners in Amsterdam© Cor Snabel
Most European contemporaries saw the Dutch as a nation of gluttons, who were not very choosy about the food they ate, as long as it was a lot. The English traveler John Ray was very annoyed by the constant bolting of the Dutch, he characterized the Dutchman as ponderous, fat, laconic and whose heart was only beating faster if he saw profit or food.
Wine and beer were also consumed in considerable amounts, at some inns glasses without a stem were used. You had to keep the glass in your hand, so it could be refilled all the time. If you had enough, it had to be placed upside down on the table and you would be laughed at. In the 17th century a Frenchman wrote in his travel report: “The Dutchman keeps his hat on during diner, eats with dirty fingers and smacks his lips audible. The table manners of the lady of the house are no different of those of the maid, who sits at the same table”.
Okay, the rest of Europe was eating with their fingers too, but the Dutch still had their table manners. It was allowed for a lady to lick her fingers, but only the first two finger bones. For the rest of her hands and arms she had to use a napkin. The bread, vegetables and the meat were eaten with the hands. We still have a Dutch expression, used as an excuse, if we are caught eating with our fingers: “why else should the Good Lord have given us fingers”.
The only cutlery they knew was the spoon and knife. The spoon for the soup and porridge and the knife for cutting the meat. Someone with a healthy appetite always had his spoon with him, hanging on his belt. During a short period in the beginning of the 17th century a white pleated collar was in fashion and people started using forks, in order to protect it from getting dirty, but by the time the collar was out of fashion, the fork disappeared.
Even in 1733 Justus van Effen wrote; he did not see anything wrong in eating from the same plate and drinking from the same glass. If in company of strangers he could understand it, but “being with good honest friends, what could be wrong about eating with your fingers, which were cleaned before dinner as was that fork”. But by this time the influence of the French Royal Court had already reached the Republic and all Dutch maids had to put a fork for each course on the table.
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