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Ontario Genealogy & History Resources
In your research you will need to know these various names for Ontario! If, for example, you find a census record in the U.S.A. or in Ontario showing your ancestor was born in C.W. , this was Canada West -- and existed only between the years 1842-1867. That will help you narrow the time period of an ancestor's birth, and provide clues for more genealogical research.
Before December 26, 1791 present day Ontario was known as the Western part of the Montreal District of the Colony of Quebec. In 1791 the colony of Quebec was divided into the two provinces of Upper and Lower Canada. Upper Canada (now Ontario) was all that land lying west of the Ottawa River, while Lower Canada (now Quebec) was all the land lying east.
In 1842 Upper and Lower Canada united to form the Province of Canada. Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) became known as Canada West while Lower Canada (present day Quebec) became known as Canada East. In 1867 Upper Canada, or Canada West was given the name of the Province of Ontario. It was one of four original provinces at the time of Ontario Confederation on July 1, 1867.
The Constitution Act of 1867 also allowed for the admittance of Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory into the Dominion of Canada, but it was not until The Rupert's Land Act of 1868 that this occured. Rupert's Land was originally owned by Hudson's Bay Company. It consisted of part of the present-day provinces of Ontario and Quebec North of the Laurentians and West of Labrador; all of Manitoba; most of Saskatchewan; the southern half of Alberta; the eastern part of Nunavut Territory; and portions of Minnesota and North Dakota in the United States.
There are other miscellaneous obscure genealogy records where you can search for Ontario ancestors such as Blacks Settlements in Ontario, Home Children Records, Ontario Genealogy Books, Ontario Resources & AddressesIf you want to search family names in Ontario, start with the McGinnis Family of Wellington County, Shuart Family of Ontario, the Peer, Pier, Pear Families of Ontario , Isaac Van Valkenburg aka Vollick Loyalist from New York with Butler's Rangers in Niagara, Jonas Larroway Loyalist from New York with Butler's Rangers in Niagara, Elisha Wilcox (Willcox, Willcocks) Sr Loyalist from New England with Butler's Rangers in Niagara, and his children also Gasper Brown, Ancestry of Jacob Burkholder of Hamilton Ontario, Gingrich Family in Waterloo Ontario
Seach more family names including Peter Bell & Elizabeth (Betty) Higginson, Arthur Forbes Bryce & Mary Hawkins, Jonathan Butler, a black man, & wife Elizabeth Jenkins, Daniel Dodge & Elizabeth Sternberg, William Elgie & Jane Walker, Edmund Facey & Redigon Aungier, Thomas Fitzsimmons & Harriet Eliza Barnes, The Harstone & Windsor Family, Descendants of Michael Jackson & Mary, John & Florinda Kennedy, Massey - Montgomery Family, The McGinnis, King & Bell Families, The Frederick Purdue & Margaret Cowan Family,
Wishing you had an ancestor photograph? See the 1800s photographs and ancestor photo albums on Lost Faces. There are over 2,500 photos in this growing genealogy collection
Here are a few other Genealogy Topics to get you on a quick start for your Ontario ancestors
Census Comparison Chart for Canadian Census Find out what census records exist for Canada and where they are found online
What's Available in Canadian Census Records fee-based and free census records online
Search ships passenger lists to Canada
Canadian Immigration & Ships Passenger Lists Records
What's Available in Canadian Immigration & Ships Passenger Lists Records fee-based and free Immigration & Citizenship records online
What's Available in Canadian Genealogy in Court, Probate & Land Records fee-based and free Court, Probate & Land records online
Canadian Military Heritage Project Find out what military records exist for Canada and where they are found online
What's Available in Canadian Military Records fee-based and free military records online
Canadian BDM Exchange Search user-Submitted Vital Statistics for all of Canada
What's Available in Canadian Vital Statistics Records fee-based and free Vital Statistics records online
What's Available in Canadian Genealogy in CDroms and Books fee-based and free records online
View a good map showing Upper Canada, Lower Canada and Rupert's Land.
Ontario Ghost Towns and Abandoned Places The site contains over 100 abandoned or former industry towns across Ontario, including photos and directions as well as history.